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梅葛佚名  著   閱讀:27433次

梅葛,是彝話的譯音,意思是把過去的事情唱回來,是一種彝族調子的名稱,起源于姚安縣馬游村,廣泛流傳傳唱在姚安、大姚、永仁、牟定及周邊的彝族地區。梅葛調分正腔、慢腔、娃娃腔三種(有的地區則以老年梅葛、青年梅葛、娃娃梅葛來區分)。用梅葛正腔演唱、有固定內容的,即為彝族創世史詩,主要包括創世、造物、婚事與戀歌、喪葬四個部分,集中反映了彝族先民歷史變遷、習俗演進、生產生活發展變化等大體輪廓,被喻為彝人的“根譜”,主要由畢摩吟唱。慢腔多為青年人演唱,即興發揮,曲調婉轉悠揚,以表情達意為主。娃娃腔多為孩童演唱,曲調詼諧幽默,朗朗上口,以表達天真好奇的童趣為主。梅葛沒有文字記載,靠口耳相傳。上世紀50年代,經挖掘整理,形成彝族創世史詩《梅葛》一書,經出版、再版,其文學、史學、民族學諸多價值逐漸顯現,從而名揚國內外。先后有美國、日本等國家和香港、臺灣等地區的學者將其翻譯介紹到世界各地;馬游梅葛演唱藝人還先后到省州舞臺乃至上北京到日本演出,每次都殊榮非凡?,F在,梅葛作為中國彝族文化的瑰寶,已被世界公認,并列入了國家級非物質文化遺產保護名錄?;诖?,省州縣黨委政府尤其是文化主管部門,對梅葛文化的傳承發展給予了高度重視,把梅葛的傳承和發展作為楚雄彝州“文化品牌工程”建設的重頭戲,舉辦梅葛文化節,建立梅葛文化傳承基地,制定《馬游坪梅葛文化保護利用總體規劃》,建立健全國和省州縣四級傳承人保護名錄,不斷改善梅葛傳承區的生態生存環境,不斷提高生產生活水平,不斷增建、擴建傳承設施,其目的,就是要讓梅葛這一古老的彝族文化奇葩,更加煥發出勃勃生機與活力

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